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Rudnik

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Planina Rudnik, koja svojim širokim masivima dominira centralnom Srbijom i Šumadijom, naziv je dobila po velikom bogatstvu ruda olova i cinka koje se i danas ovde eksploatišu.
Burna istorija ove planine na kojoj su još stari Rimljani rudarili, vidljiva je u brojnim tragovima materijalne kulture iz antičkog i srednjevekovnog perioda. Za Rudnik su se borili i srpski vladari i feudalci, a interesantno je i da je dinar kralja Dragutina, prvi srpski dinar sa ćiriličnim natpisom, kovan upravo na Rudniku.
Danas, Rudnik predstavlja popularno odmaralište koje svojom prelepom prirodom i bogatstvom kulturno-istorijskih znamenitosti privlači turiste iz svih krajeva sveta. 🌲



Rudnik je planina izuzetne prirodne lepote obrasla gustim bukovim, javorovim i hrastovim šumama, ispresecana bistrim potocima i zelenim proplancima. U nižim predelima Rudnika posetioci mogu sresti zečeve, fazane, jarebice dok su u višim predelima nastanjene divlje svinje, srne, lisice i kune. 🌲



Planina koja predstavlja čvorište između slivova Zapadne i Velike Morave i Kolubare, bogata je rekama među kojima su najveće Despotovica i Gruža. Raznovrsnost ribljih vrsta ne zaostaje za divljači te tako možete videti mrenu, krkušu, zeleniku, klen i brojne druge vrste kako mirno plivaju ovim vodama. Na Rudniku se nalaze i brojna lovišta koja pružaju mogućnost lova na visoku i sitnu divljač. 🌲



Prijatna vazdušna strujanja, velika osunčanost tokom godine, kao i visoka jonizacija vazduha imaju povoljan uticaj na zdravlje posetilaca. Ovo blagotvorno dejstvo boravka na Rudniku, primećeno je još davne 1922. godine kada je Rudnik i proglašen vazdušnom banjom. 🌲



Pešačenje stazama Rudnika pruža neizmerno zadovoljstvo planinarima, pogotovo onima koji se osmele da osvoje neke od najvećih vrhova ove planine. Među njima, najteže je pokoriti Cvijićev vrh, najviši vrh Šumadije visine 1.132 metra, ali ni vrh Ostrvica, oštra vulkanska kupa strmih padina, ne predstavlja ništa manji izazov. 🌲



Na Rudniku su nekada davno živeli stari Rimljani, koji su na ovom mestu gradili hramove i rudarske kolonije. Tako posetioci planine mogu videti stara rudarska okna i ostatke rimskog hrama Boginje Majke Zemlje – TERA MATRIS – u kome su se rudari molili za bezbednost pre ulaska u okno. 🌲


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A na južnim padinama Rudnika smešten je manastir Vraćevšnica, izgrađen u 15. veku, u kome je doneta odluka o podizanju Drugog srpskog ustanka. Na ustanak podignut 1815. godine u obližnjem gradiću Takovu podseća i memorijalni kompleks posvećen ovom događaju. 🌲


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Rudnik Mountain, which with its wide massifs dominates central Serbia and Šumadija, got its name from the great wealth of lead and zinc ores that are still exploited here today. The stormy history of this mountain, where the ancient Romans still mined, is visible in numerous traces of material culture from the ancient and medieval periods. Serbian rulers and feudal lords fought for Rudnik, and it is also interesting that King Dragutin’s dinar, the first Serbian dinar with a Cyrillic inscription, was minted right at Rudnik. Today, Rudnik is a popular resort that attracts tourists from all over the world with its beautiful nature and wealth of cultural and historical sights. 🌲


Rudnik is a mountain of exceptional natural beauty overgrown with thick beech, maple and oak forests, interspersed with clear streams and green glades. In the lower areas of the Mine, visitors can meet rabbits, pheasants, and partridges, while the higher areas are inhabited by wild boars, roe deer, foxes, and minks. 🌲


The mountain, which represents the hub between the Zapadna and Velika Morava and Kolubara basins, is rich in rivers, the largest of which are Despotovica and Gruža. The variety of fish species does not lag behind game fish, so you can see barbel, crucian carp, bream, chub and numerous other species swimming peacefully in these waters. There are also numerous hunting grounds in Rudnik that offer the possibility of hunting large and small game. 🌲


Pleasant air currents, great sunshine throughout the year, as well as high air ionization have a beneficial effect on the health of visitors. This beneficial effect of staying at Rudnik was noticed as far back as 1922, when Rudnik was declared an air spa. 🌲


Hiking along the tracks of Rudnika gives mountaineers immense pleasure, especially those who dare to conquer some of the highest peaks of this mountain. Among them, the most difficult to conquer is Cvijićev peak, the highest peak of Šumadija at a height of 1,132 meters, but Ostrvica peak, a sharp volcanic cone with steep slopes, is no less of a challenge. 🌲


Once upon a time, ancient Romans lived in Rudnik, who built temples and mining colonies in this place. Thus, visitors to the mountain can see old mining shafts and the remains of the Roman temple of the Mother Earth Goddess – TERA MATRIS – where miners prayed for safety before entering the shaft. 🌲


And on the southern slopes of Rudnik is the Vraćevšnica monastery, built in the 15th century, where the decision was made to start the Second Serbian Uprising. The uprising in 1815 in the nearby town of Takovo is also reminded of the memorial complex dedicated to this event. 🌲


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